Basic Premise: Suppose the Iranian revolution of 1979 did
not occur. Saddam Hussein arranged Khomeini's death during his
exile in Iraq and that the Shah's police were able to remove many off
the remaining anti-government leaders. Iran would have remained the United
States powerful ally in the region. The impressive military build-up of
Iran would have continued.
The Shatt-al-Arab waterway that separates Iran and Iraq
in the south has been a source friction for generations. It represents
a demarcation not just between nations but also between the Arab and Persian
peoples and cultures. Both the Iranian city of Khorramshahr and the Iraqi
city of Basrah rely on the Shatt-al-Arab for trade. Persia (later Iran)
lost the right to open access to the Shatt in an 1847 treaty with the
Ottoman Empire. Despite the Empire's break up following
the First World War and the creation of the nation of Iraq, Iran did not
regain access for its shipping free of tariff until the signing of a new
agreement in 1937. This agreement allowed Iranian vessels free passage
to Abadan and Khorramshahr but retained Iraqi sovereignty of the Shatt.
In 1969 with his military growing in strength the Shah of Iran abrogated
the 1937 agreement and reaffirmed his nations claim to the full control
of the waterway. In 1975, faced with Iran's obvious military superiority
and troubles at home with Kurdish rebels, Iraq signed an agreement moving
their southern border from the eastern shore of the Shatt-al-Arab to the
deep water line of the same. This removed the important waterway from
Iraqi territory and split it between the two nations. In return for this
concession Iran agreed to stop supporting Kurdish rebels in the north
Suppose that, in 1977, the Iraqi government uncovered a Shia' resistance
movement which they tied back to the Iranian Ayatollah Khomeini who
had been in exile in Iraq for 14 years. Iraqi strongman Saddam Hussein,
then #2 in the Baathist regime, ordered secret police to arrange an "accident"
for the Ayatollah and produced a captive Iranian Intelligence agent to
pin the death on the Shah. They hoped to further destabilize the Iranian
government which was already struggling with internal opposition. However
the US government was able to furnish evidence to counter the Iraqi claims.
The Shah capitalized on the loss of his opposition's spiritual leadership
and the outpouring of hatred against his Iraqi neighbor.
At the time it
was thought that Pahlavi may have decided to attack Iraq but he successfully
directed the momentum into subduing his own people. He was able to open
talks with the clergy and gave some concessions regarding the pace of
his westernization programs and promised to include the religious leaders
a new government of national unity. He also made public announcements
of his intent to reduce the powers of the secret police. An increase in
oil production allowed him to increase public building works, generally
improving the living conditions of the bulk of the Iranian middle class.
In general opposition to the government in Iran until moderated during
his period. Phrases like "loyal opposition" and "constitutional monarchy"
were used in the press and outlook was generally optimistic.
Then in 1982
the supposedly downsized secret police made mass arrests of opposition
leaders who had come out into the open over the preceding few years. Charges
against those arrested generally ran along the theme of collusion with
Iraq. At the same time the Shah announced that Iranian spies had uncovered
evidence that Iraq was developing nuclear, chemical and biological weapons
as a counter-balance to Iran's overwhelming superiority in conventional
weapons. Opposition was neutralized for the time being and the government
beat up of Iraq actually resulted in an increase of public support. The
war of words between Iran and Iraq continued until 1984 when the Shah decided
that a limited war of conquest would finally quell the lingering opposition
to his regime.
The F-14A Tomcat is the pride of the Imperial Iranian
Air Force. The IIAF operates 80 of these formidible aircraft with the
possibility of more being ordered.
The F-4 Phantom forms the backbone of the IIAF. This F-4E
is one of over 170 serving in the fighter attack role.
The F-5 series of fighters have been an important part
of the IIAF inventory since the first F-5A's arrived in 1965. This is
one of 166 F-5E's that first entered service in 1972.
The F-16 proved itself a versatile fighter in Iranian
hands. It performed well in both the air to air and air to ground roles.
Armed with the AGM-78 Standard ARM the F-4 Phatoms were
the spearhead of the IIAFs strike operations.
The ability of the IIAF to conduct deep stike
operations using airborne refueling was a significant advantage.
A pair of F-14As scramble to intercept inbound Iraqi raiders.
Seven E-3A Sentry's were operated by the IIAF and were
an important part of both offensive and defensive operations. Only one
E-3 was lost during the war.
An uncomfortably familiar image for many Iraqi servicmen.
An IIAF F-4 on a attack run.
The IIAF ground attack squadrons suffered heavy casualties
at the hands of Iraqi missile defences.
Iran's F-14 Tomcats ruled the skies over the battlefield.
Not until the arrival of Soviet fighters in the closing stages of the
conflict were they seriously challenged.
Iraqs President Saddam Hussein had run the country by
de-facto for a number of years before finally taking the top job in 1978.
Iraqs Mirage F.1EQ squadrons are the elite of the Al
Quwwat Al Jawwiya Al Iraqiya. Thirty two of these multirole aircraft are
MiG-21 variants equipped five Iraqi Air Force squadrons.
Dangerous if able to get up close, many were shot out of the air at long
range by Tomcats and Phantoms
Kuwait's support of Iraq added another squadron of Mirage
F.1s and two squadrons of A-4KUs to the Al Quwwat
Al Jawwiya Al Iraqiya inventory.
The MiG-23 was an important part of the Iraqi Air Force's
inventory. Both interceptor and fighter bomber version were operated.
Iraqi Tu-22 Blinders played only a small part in the war.
Most of their time was spent hiding in shelters around the Iraqi capital.
Most Iraqi ground attack aircraft had a very limited role
during the war. They were husbanded by Saddam Hussein and only committed
to the fight under the most favourable circumstances possible.
After the first day of the war it was hard to find this
many Iraqi fighter in one place.
Iraqi air defences consisted of primaryily Soviet systems.
This an SA-3 SAM launcher unit.
The MIM-23 HAWK was the primary Iranian surface
to air missile.
The HAWK accquisition radar travels on a vehicle towed
The four cruisers of the Koorosh class are the pride of
the Imperial Iranian Navy. With their powerful radars and heavy missile
armament they can dominate the Persian Gulf region.
The IIN operates twelve Kaman class missile boats armed
with Harpoon ASMs they are dangerous foes.
The unfortunate frigate IIS Saam victim of an ambush by
Kuwaiti and Iraqi missile boats.
Three former US Navy Tang class SSKs serve with the IIN
as the Kooesh Class
The IIN took delivery of two former US Navy Brooke class
FFGs in the early 1980s. This is the IIS Jahrom.
The Bayandor class corvettes were used as part of the
blockade of Iraq.
In addition to the three Kooesh SSKs the IIN also operated
two Birjani class Type 209 sunbmarines. These are part of an order for
With missiles inbound the IIS Yadz, a Brooke class FFG
fires off a Standard missile.
Soviet authorities claimed that an Iraqi Tango class SSK
similar to this was responsible for the sinking of the USS Flint.
The Soviet Navy SAG in the Arabian Sea included a Kresta
II ASW cruiser.
Both Russian and Iraqi MiG-25s were involved in the war.
A desperate raid by two Iraqi Foxbats was responsible for the only downing
of an Iranian E-3A of the war.
By the time the Soviet Union became directly involved
most Iraqi ground radars had been destroyed. To cover the losses and counteract
Iranian E-3 AWACS the Soviets deploy four early model A-50 AEW aircraft.
The Soviet Union deployed a special squadron of early
model MiG-29 fighters to Iraq.
The USS Ranger CVBG avenged the death of the USS Flint
with a strike on a Soviet Surface Action Group.
A Spruance class ASW destroyer, part of the USS Ranger
A-6E Intruders from the Ranger were the main strikers
in the attack on the Red Navy SAG.
After the sinking of the USS Flint by a Soviet submarine
US forces were authorised to fire on any detected submarine contacts.
Here a Spruance DD fires an ASROC.
Scenario #1 - Persian Glory
The Imperial Iranian Air Force is the pride of Iran. Now
it has to live up to its reputation. The Shah has ordered his generals
to sieze the Iraqi city of Basra and secure the Shatt-al-Arab for Iranian
shipping. First the IIAF must neutralize Iraq's Air Force and special
weapons programs. With over two hundred advanced aircraft the Iranians
must strike Iraqi airfields, the Samara Chemical Weapons facility, the
Tamara Nuclear facility and a Republican Guards Division stationed in
the Basra district. The odds look good but what of the Iraqi defences.
Scenario #2 - Dragnet
While the bombs are falling and the missiles flying on
shore the Imperial Iranian Navy has a job to do at sea. A powerful squadron
has sortied into the northern Persian Gulf. Their task is to clear all
Iraqi naval and merchant vessels from the area and impose a blockade on
Iraqi shipping. The Iraqis have two options, stand and fight or try and
run for safety in Kuwait.
After Iran's surprise strikes on day one Iraqi forces in
the Basra area have been decimated and Iranian armoured units have crossed
the border and are heading west. So far the advance is on schedule. Iraqi
chemical and nuclear facilities have been knocked out although Iraqi Scuds
with conventional HE have managed to hit a number of targets, mainly civilian.
The most of the remaining aircraft of the Iraqi Air Force have been pulled
back to defend Baghdad. The Iraqi Navy has also fared badly, losing seven
of it fourteen Osa missile boats. However these results have not
been without losses for the Iranians. While the Iraqi Air Force's performance
has been less than inspiring the SAM and AAA air defence units have exacted
a toll on the attackers. More than seventy of the IIAFs best combat aircraft
have been lost.
At sea the appearance of Super Frelon helicopters with
Exocet missiles to back up the Osa's surprised the IIN and three ships
were lost: the IIS Babr (DD), IIS Zaal (FF) and the IIS Naghdi (PTM).
Six of the remaining Iraqi Osas escaped to Kuwait but four Super Frelons
were destroyed by the Korosh (Kidd) DDGs. Kuwaiti diplomats have announced
that the boats will be interned and Iranian Intelligence has reported
a great deal of activity at the Iraqi Embassy in Kuwait City as arrangements
are made for the crews. Overall Iranian spirits are high and quick end
to this war is expected.
Scenario #3 - Back Stab
Half of Iraq's Navy has been sunk and the rest is
cowering in Kuwaiti ports with their crews interned. The Iranian Navy
has imposed a blockade in the northern Persian Gulf area and withdrawn
a number of its vessels south to rest, rearm and refit. Morale on board
the ships of the blockade force is high with the prospect of further combat
now seeming unlikely. However, unbeknownst to the enemy, Iraqi diplomats
have succeded in persuading Kuwait that having an Iran controlling its
northern border is not in the emirates best interest. With the promise
of covert support from other Arab nations, Kuwait is throwing in its lot
with Iraq. Kuwaiti naval vessels are at sea escorting tankers out of the
warzone in conjunction with vessels from Saudi Arabia and the United Arab
Emirates. Under the cover of neutrality some of these vessels will move
into position to strike at the Iranian blockade and oil facilities in
the Kharg Island area. At the same time the 'interned' Iraqi missile boats,
which have been secretly rearmed, will sortie. All the surface vessels
will be backed up by Kuwaiti Mirage F.1s and A-4 Skyhawks. Speed is essential,
once the IIAF shows up the Iraqi and Kuwaiti ships had better be home
Kuwait's treachery has caught the Imperial Iranian Navy
napping. The blockade flagship, IIS Daryush was damaged right away and
things deteriorated from there. Daryush accounted for her attacker quickly,
a Kuwaiti TNC-45 (K4501 Al Boon), but more Iraqi Osas accounted
for the IIS Saam and IIS Zoubin. The FFG IIS Yadz sustained serious damage
from a Styx hit and was finished off by Kuwaiti A-4s soon afterwards.
While the blockade force was fighting for its life an unseen Kuwaiti group
had moved into range of the Kharg Island oil facilities from the south
and launched a volley of Exocet missiles, damaging two platforms. Only
the arrival of IIAF was able to redress the situation. Maverick armed
Phantoms killed two Kuwaiti missile boats (P5704 Sabhan and K4507 Al Saadi)
and two Iraqi Osas while P-3Fs were able to confirm that the lost IIN
vessels had managed to take at least three more Osas with them.
Once again then though Iran suffered losses, Kuwaiti F.1 fighters jumping
a pair of F-4s, destroying both and then escaping before the IIAF CAP
Meanwhile back in southern Iraqi the Iraqi Air Force throws
most of its remaining attack aircraft against the Iranian armour forcing
its way through the country. Kuwaiti Mirage F.1s provided some top cover
against IIAF F-14s and F-4s. On the ground two Republican Guard divisions
are launched into the Iranian right flank while a single Kuwaiti mechanized
brigade strikes across the border into the largely undefended left flank.
Iraqi and Kuwaiti losses are heavy but the Iranian
momentum is lost. Something must be done quickly to prevent the war deteriorating
into a costly war of attrition.
The task falls once again to the Imperial Iranian Air Force.
A series of heavy strikes on the forward Iraqi divisions are planned to
coincide with a new push by the Army. The 7th Infantry division is pulled
off the border with Afghanistan and tasked with knocking Kuwait out of
the war. To fulfill its part of the plan the IIAF must reinforce as well.
Aircraft are to be pulled from units guarding the capital and those watching
the Soviets in Afghanistan. This does leave the country more vulnerable
but the Shah has ordered that the advance must be continued and the Generals
consider the risk minimal, at least when compared to the personal consequences
Scenario #4 - Payback
The Imperial Iranian Air Force is to spearhead efforts
to restart the advance. However mounting losses amongst aircraft and crews
means that the forward squadrons must first be reinforced. New units are
rotating in from the Afghanistan border and the Tehran region. Iraqi Intelligence
has gotten wind of this and the Iraqi Air Force believes this is just
the opportunity they have been waiting for. The IAFs Tu-22 bombers and
Su-24 strike aircraft have been sheltering in hardened air shelters in
the Baghdad area and will now be launched against Tehran. Surviving Mirage
F.1s, MiG-25s and MiG-23s will support the attacks. The Iraqi Army has
moved a number of Scud missile batteries forward under the cover of darkness
and these are poised to strike Iranian forward airfields and SAM and radar
sites. Can the raid be launched before Iran discovers its mistake.
The Iraqi raid on Tehran has shaken the Iranian morale
and forced a postponement of major airstrikes. Thanks to their (albeit
limited) successes the Iraqis have been able to convince the Soviet Union
to allow re-supply of the Air Force. New aircraft begin arriving quickly
via Syria. Included amongst the reinforcements is a special squadron of
the brand new MiG-29 fighter, with Soviet "advisors" as pilots.
Scenario #5 - Melee
After a second round of reorganisation the IIAF is know
ready to spearhead a fresh Iranian push to end the war. Heavy close air
support is to be provided to the army units that will punch through the
Iraqi Republican Guard units that are standing in the way of the adavance.
At the same time a series of strikes will be launched into Kuwait with
the aim of knocking the Emirate out of the war and punishing its people
for siding with the Iraqis. However the Iranian command is not aware
of the extent of the reinforcements that Iraq has recieved from the Soviet
Union and from other Arab nations. A suprise may await the proud Persian's
over the battlefield.
The Iranian armed forces are continueing to heamorage
men and equipment. While the advance through southern Iraq has been restarted
the cost to the IIAF in particluar has been heavy. Greater numbers of
Iraqi fighters than expected contested the air over the front lines. Most
worrying has been the appearence of the new Soviet MiG-29 tactical fighter.
While the F-14 Tomcat of the IIAF still reigns supreme the new aircraft
has shown itself to be the equal of the F-4s, F-5s and F-16s. These 'Fulcrums'
are almost certainly crewed by the Soviets own pilots. The Shah is infuriated
that the USSR has directly involved itself in the conflict. This is despite
advice that this move will probably force the Americans to provide resupply
and replacements, something they have so far refused to do. Looking for
a way to strike back at the Soviet Union the Shah has ordered and attack
on the naval base at Baku on the Caspian Sea.
Scenario #6 -Baiting the Bear
The Shah has ordered his military commanders to attack
the Soviet Naval base at Baku in retribution for the USSR's involvement
in the war with Iraq. Despite extreme unease about the move the Shah's
generals are trapped. For years they have told their leader that the Iranian
Armed Forces are the most powerful in the region. The boasting of the
Air Force has always been particularly loud but its suffered very heavy
losses fighting this war. To say no to the Shah now might be to risk more
than just a career.
With the overt involvement of the Soviet Union in the
war the United States has decided to resupply Iran and provide some aircraft
replacements. The most pressing need for the IIAF right now is air to
air missiles. The USAF will soon begin flights via Diego Garcia in the
Indian Ocean. In the meantime the ammunition ship USS Flint has arrived
with the USS Ranger CVBG. The Flint has been detached with an escort to
unload at Chah Bahar. The stores she carries should provide a boost to
the Iranians for now.
Scenario #7 -Strike the Flint
The USS Flint, an ammunition ship, is making for the
Iranian port of Chah Bahar. She has an FFG in company. The Soviet Union
has just announced that the government of Iraq has purchased a Tango
submarine. This submarine was on a port visit in Yemen. The Iraqi crew
has just been flown in from the USSR where it has been undergoing training.
The US and Iran do not believe that the timeing of this announcement is
coincidental. They believe that the USSR intends to sink the Flint to
try and keep the US from interfering in the Persian Gulf war. Obviously
the Soviets intend to have the Iraqi Tango take responsibility for the
attack. Intelligence indicates that while an Iraqi crew may have been
training with the Russians for some time it is not believed that they
will be operational. Hence the suspicion that the Soviets are using the
Iraqis as a cover for one or more of their own submarines.
The sinking of the USS Flint has infuriated the opinion
in the United States. The US government has rejected the Soviet Unions
statement that the sinking was the work of an Iraqi submarine, instead
laying the blame squarely at the feet of the USSR. With the arrival of
Red Navy surface action group in the Arabian Sea and the continued presence
of the Ranger CVBG relations between the superpowers have become very
Scenario #8 -XXXXXXXXX
The USS Ranger CVBG has been patroling in the south of
the Arabian Sea for the last week. With the sinking of the USS Flint,
probably by Soviet submarines, three days ago strong ASW patrols are being
maintained with the CVBGs own aircraft and also using Orions based at
Diego Garcia. US forces are also keep a close eye on the Soviet Surface
Action Group which has arrived in the area in the last few days. Tensions
are high and it is considered likely that the US will sink any submarines
it locates anywhere near its forces and may even launch a strike on the
Orders of Battle
Imperial Iranian Air Force
4 Fighter Squadrons with 80 F-14A Tomcats
10 Fighter Bomber Squadrons with 32 F-4D and 177 F-4E Phantom IIs
6 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadrons with 96 F-16A Falcons
4 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadrons with 72 F-5E Tiger IIs
1 Recce Squadron with 20 RF-4Es
1 Tanker Squadron with 13 707-320L tankers
1 Heavy Transport/Tanker Squadron with 10 747 tanker/transports
1 AWACS Squadron with 7 E-3A Sentrys
4 Tactical Transport Squadrons with 64 C-130E/H Hercules
4 Medium Lift Helicopter Squadrons with 50 CH-47C Chinook
5 Air Defence Squadrons with Rapier and Tigercat SAM's
Tehran Mehrabad Int'l - Pos: 35° 41' 21.00" N 051°
18' 48.30" E
Tabriz - Pos: 38° 07' 58.72" N 046° 14' 05.76" E
Hamadan - Pos: 34° 52' 05.40" N 048° 33' 08.31"
Dezful - Pos: 32° 26' 04.00" N 048° 23' 51.50" E
Omidiyeh - Pos: 30° 50' 06.60" N 049° 32' 05.70"
Shiraz Shahid Dastghaib Int'l - Pos: 29° 32' 21.60"
N 052° 35' 22.11" E
Esfahãn/Shahid Beheshti Int'l (formerly Khatami)
- Pos: 32° 45' 02.60" N 051° 51' 42.10" E
Badr Air Base (aka Sepah Air Base) - Pos: 32° 37' 15.68"
N 051° 41' 48.41" E
Tehran-Doshan/Tappeh - Pos: 35° 42' 10.70" N 051°
28' 30.50" E
Bushehr - Pos: 28° 56' 41.32" N 050° 50' 04.69"
Bandar Abbas Int'l - Pos: 27° 13' 05.41" N 056°
22' 40.35" E
Chah Bahar - Pos: 25° 26' 36.00" N 060° 22' 55.60"
Ghale-Morghi - Pos: 35° 38' 41.30" N 051° 22' 50.50"
Mashhad - Pos: 36° 14' 06.70" N 059° 38' 27.50"
Zahedan - Pos: 29° 28' 34.30" N 060° 54' 21.80"
Tehran - US AN/FPS-100/113
Karadj - US AN/FPS-88
Tabriz - British Green Ginger system comprising Type 88 (Marconi 330)
Surveilance radar and Type 89 (Marconi 404) heightfinder radar.
Baboolsar - Green Ginger
Mashhad - Green Ginger
ShahrAbad - Green Ginger
Dezful (Dehlooran) - US AN/FPS-88
Hamadan (Soobashi) - US AN/FPS-88
Bushehr - US AN/TPS-43
Isfahan - US AN/FPS-88
Bandare Abbas - US AN/FPS-100/113
Bandare Jask - US AN/FPS-100/113
Kish Island - US AN/FPS-100/113
Chah-Bahar - US AN/FPS-100/113
The IIAF also purchased 8 GPS-11 the American Moraine-Band radar Mobile
System that consisted of: Westinghouse AN/TPS-43 Radar & Tropospheric
scatter (E layer) Communication System as a backup to the fixed radars.
In addition to the aforementioned fixed sites there were also the following
mobile radar sites:
Lengeh Near Bandare Lengeh - US AN/TPS-43
Taheri Near Bandare Taheri - US AN/TPS-43
Kohkilooyeh Near Behbahan - US AN/TPS-43
Abdanaan Near Dezful - US AN/TPS-43
Kerend Near Ghasre Shirin - US AN/TPS-43
Naval Air Bases
Bandar Abbas Navy field - Pos: 27° 10' N 056° 10'
Imperial Iranian Army:
10 Attack Helicopter Squadrons with 202 AH-1J Sea Cobras
22 Assault Helicopter Squadrons with 373 Bell 214A
350 Bell 214ST Heavy Lifter helicopters
90 AB-205A Iroquios helicopters
30 CH-47C Chinook
70 AB-206 (Scout/Trainers)
4 Battalions I-HAWK SAMs (16 Battery’s with total 96 launchers)
8 Patriot SAM battery’s
Army Air Bases
Masjed Suleyman aka Shahid Asyaee - Pos: 32° 00' 08.29"
N 049° 16' 14.40" E
Bakhtaran (Shahid Ashrafi Esfahani aka Kermanshah) - Pos:
34° 20' 47.10" N 047° 09' 23.70" E
Kerman - Pos: 30° 15' 40.80" N 056° 57' 24.80" E
Iraqi Air Force - Al Quwwat Al Jawwiya Al Iraqiya:
2 Bomber Squadrons with 24 Tu-22 Blinders
2 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadrons with 40 MiG-23BN Flogger
2 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadrons with 40 MiG-23MS Flogger
2 Fighter Squadrons with 28 MiG-23MF Flogger B
3 Fighter Squadrons with 72 MiG-21MF Fishbed J
2 Fighter Squadrons with 48 MiG-21bis Fishbed N
2 Fighter Squadrons with 32 Mirage F.1EQ
3 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadrons with 36 Su-20 Fitter
1 Strike Squadron with 12 Su-24 Fencer
1 Ground Attack/Close Air Support Squadron with 12 Su-25
4 Assault Transport Squadrons with 80 Mi-80 Hip
1 ASW/ASuW Squadron with 8 Super Frelon
3 Scout/Anti Tank Squadrons with 40 Gazelle
Al Bakr Air Base - Pos: 33° 56' 24.70" N 044° 21'
Habbaniya Air Base - Pos: 33° 22' 30.00" N 043°
33' 47.01" E
Al Qadisiya Air Base - Pos: ??
Qayyara (South or West?) Air Base - Pos: 35° 46' 01.90"
N 043° 07' 30.30" E
Al Huriyya - Pos: 33° 15' 39" N 044° 14' 21" E
Al Basrah Air Base - Pos: 30° 32' 55.59" N 047°
39' 44.82" E
Al Shaibah Air Base - Pos: 30° 25' 30.68" N 047°
38' 16.52" E
Baghdad/Muthenna Air Base - Pos: ..
Amarah Air Base - Pos: 31° 49' 08" N 047° 04' 48"
6 Osa I
8 Osa II, two more in 1984
12 P6 PT
3 SO 1 PC
5 Zhuk PC
4 Polnocny D LST
Naval Air Bases
Basra and Umm Qasr - Pos: ...
FROG 7, SS-1 and SS-21 surface to surface missiles
SA-2, SA-3, SA-6, SA-7, SA-9 and Roland SAM’s
Army Aviation Bases
Kirkuk Air Base - Pos: 35° 28' 08.61" N 044° 20'
Al Taji Air Base - Pos: 33° 31' 25.90" N 044° 15'
Al Kut Air Base - Pos: 32° 07' 01.50" N 046° 22'
Al Swenia Air Base - Pos: 32° 56' 27.74" N 044°
38' 04.33" E
Al Iskandariyah New - Pos: 32° 58' 13.99" N 044°
16' 13.50" E
Al Rasheed Air Base - Pos: 33° 16' 44.40" N 044°
29' 38.90" E
Air Forces: MiG-21s of various marques, MiG-23s
of various marques, MiG-25, MiG-27, MiG-29 in limited numbers, MiG-31
for Voyska PVO
Su-15 for Voyska PVO, Su-17, Su-24, Su-25 in small numbers,
Su-27 in very small numbers for Voyska PVO.
Tu-16, Tu-22 Tu-95, Tu-126 Moss AEW.
Navy: Indian Ocean Squadron comprising one Surface
Slava - Moskva class ASuW/AAW CG Azov - mod Kara classASW CG (SA-N-6 testbed)
Grozny - Kynda class ASuw CG AdmiralNahkimov - Kresta II class ASW CG
2 Krivak II ASW Frigates Bessmenny Gordelivy Slavny - Mod Kashin class DDG
K.251 - Victor III class
SSN K/B.458 - Charlie II SSGN B.356 - Tango class SSK
Army: FROG 7, SS-1, SS-21 SSMs
SA-9/13, SA-10, SA-11, SA-14/16/18
1 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadron with 20 Mirage F.1
2 Fighter/Ground Attack Squadrons with 40 A-4KU
6 Al Boon (TNC 45) Missile Boats K4501 Al Boon
K4503 Al Bettel
K4505 Al Sanbouk
K4507 Al Saadi
K4509 Al Ahmadi
K4511 Al Mubareki
2 Istiqlal (FPB 57) Missile Boats P5702 Istiqlal
Air Forces: Based at Diego Garcia: P-3C Orion MPA's.
Local defensive fighters and E-3 AWACS. C-5 and C-141
airlifters forming airbridge for Iranian resupply.
USS Ranger CVBG CV 61 USS Ranger - Forestal class CV CG 31 USS Sterett - Belknap class CG DDG 9 USS Towers - C.F. Adams class DDG
DD 990 USS Ingersoll - Spruance class DD FFG 1 USS Brooke - Brooke
class FFG FFG 10 Duncan - Oliver Hazzard Perry class FFG
FF 1062 USS Whipple - Knox
SSN 677 Drum - Sturgeon class
SSN SSN 698 Bremerton - Los Angeles
There are many people who deserve my thanks for helping me making these scenarios:
Akulashaker aka Sunburn aka Dimitris, Order of Battle (OoB) info
Dale Hiller, OoB info
Mike Mykytyn, OoB info, testing, background story
Peter Grining, OoB info
Calum Gibson, OoB info, photographs